No vaccination is required, but visitors are advised to receive inoculations against hepatitis A and B, typhoid and tetanus. Inoculation for yellow fever and tablets for malaria are not necessary although doctors still usually recommend them.
Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City have good hospitals staffed with foreign medical personnel, however for life threatening injury it can be necessary to be evacuated to Bangkok or Singapore and we therefore strongly recommend taking out medical travel insurance.
Vietnam has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world for travellers, however it always pays to be prepared. Refrain from holding cameras and cellphones on busy streets since most robberies are drive-by snatchings. When taking pictures stand away from traffic.
Vietnam has 82,2 million inhabitants with an average density of 248 inhabitants/km2, reaching 1,000 in the Red River delta in the North.
88% of the population is Viet, 2% Chinese and 1.5% Khmer. Numerous ethnic minorities make up the rest of the population of Vietnam: Muong, Nung, Dao, Thai, Cham, Hmong and various mountain-dwellers.
The dominant religions are Buddhism (55% of the population) and Catholicism (8% to 10% of the population). Confucianism, Taoism, Hoa Hao, Muslim and Caodaism represent around 35% of the population.
Prices displayed are usually fixed, but in other cases, bargaining is a fact of life in Vietnam!
Vietnam is 7 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. It is the same time zone as Bangkok.
In Vietnam electric current is mostly 220V in main cities, although you can still find 110V in rural areas. Sockets are both round and flat types.